My student Ewan Mansley has done an excellent job using Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) to analyse spatial patterns in election turnout across London. This is the first time GWR has been used to analyse UK election results, so it is quite exciting. Even more exciting is that we found substantial differences in what explains turnout in different parts of London, with some results going against the accepted explanations of turnout factors.
Here is the paper:
Mansley E and Demšar U, 2015, Space matters: geographic variability of electoral turnout determinants in the 2012 London mayoral election. Electoral Studies, advanced online publication.
The paper is available for free until 17 Dec 2015, courtesy of Elsevier, so if you are interested in why people come to vote or not in different parts of London, check it out.